In the first place, the environmental movement is a social movement that involves a group of individuals. Further, Environmental and ecological movements are among the important examples of the collective actions of several social groups. It is also one of the important concepts for the IAS exam. In our earlier articles, we have been covering all details that are important for the exam. Therefore, in the article, you will get information about the what is Chipko Movement or Andolan. Read the article and know about chipko movement was started in, chipko movement leader. details.
To begin with, the Chipko Movement started in 1973 in the Himalayan region of Uttarakhand. Further, it became a rallying point for many future environmental movements all over the world. An environmental movement is a type of social movement that involves an array of individuals and groups. Further, Chipko means “stick” or “hug.” It is a modern movement that was initiated in the Garhwal range of mountains of Uttarakhand within the early Seventies (1974).
|Year of the Movement||1973|
|Place of the Movement||Uttarakhand|
|Leaders of the Movement||Chandi Prasad Bhatt, Sunderlal Bhauguna, and others|
|Aim of the Movement||To protect the Himalayan forests from destruction|
We have learned about this movement during our school days. Let us learn more about the same like chipko movement leader and other details below.
It can be defined as the social or the political movement, which are aimed at conserving the environment and also improvement of the state environment. Further, the term green movement or conservation movement indicates the same thing. Further, they aim to protect the environment through changes in public policy. Some of the important Environmental Movements in India.
- Bishnoi Movement
- Chipko Movement
- Save Silent Valley Movement
- Jungle Bachao Andholan
- Appiko Movement
- Narmada Bachao Andholan
- Tehri Dam Conflict
Further, in the below article, we have added all information related to the Chipko Andolan or movement was started in, leader, all the other essential information as understanding this concept is essential for the UPSC exam.
Get all information about the IAS exam by going through the official website. Know More
What is Chipko Movement
The Chipko movement was an Andolan that happened to protect nature. The main of the Chipko Movement was to protect the Himalayan range trees from the tomahawks of builders. Further, the Chipko Andolan goal was to preserve forests against the commercialization and falling of genetic wilderness and the demolition of traditional livelihood.
Further, the Chipko Movement was inspired by the Jayaprakash Narayan and the Sarvodaya movement in 1964. Dasholi Gram Swarajya Sangh was set up by a Gandhian social worker Chandi Prasad Bhatt in Gopeshwar to set up small industries using the forest resources. For this purpose, they had faced some restrictions with forest policies. It was about pieces of forest land that were commodified and auctioned to big contractors.
It also resulted in deforestation and the Alaknanda River floods of July 1970, when a significant landslide blocked the river and affected places.
Key Points of Chipko Movement
- The Chipko movement started in the year 1973.
- Further, the movement was led by the Sundarlal Bahuguna, Gaura Devi, Sudesha Devi, Bachni Devi, Chandi Prasad Bhatt, Govind Singh Rawat, Dhoom Singh Negi, Shamsher Singh Bisht, and Ghanasyam Raturi.
- The aim was to protect trees on the Himalayan slopes from the axes of contractors of the forest.
- Further, it saw the large participation of women. Its leaders and activists were primarily women, acting so as to guard their subsistence and their communities.
- It was due to women who are suffered from floods and landslides.
Sundarlal Bahuguna (1927 – 2021) is a famous Gandhian who is the Chipko movement leader. The Chipko Movement to secure the trees on the Himalayan slopes. Further, he is also known for coining the Chipko slogan ‘ecology is the permanent economy. Later, in the Chipko movement in 1970, He gave the message across the world that ecology and ecosystem are more important. Further, he was of the opinion that ecology and economy should go together. Mr. Bahuguna enlightened the villagers by conveying the importance of trees in the environment, which checks the erosion of soil, causes rains, and provides pure air.
Impact of the Chipko Movement
After the Chipko Movement, a decade of strong protests, the Chipko movement yielded results in 1980. Further, the government banned the felling of trees in the Himalayan forests of Uttar Pradesh for a period of 15 years. Besides, the green-felling ban was also extended to forests in the Western Ghats and the Vindhyas. Along with this movement, it helped people to know rights to forests and how grassroots activism can influence policy-making. Further, according to the biennial State of Forests Report 2017, India has registered a marginal increase in forest cover between 2015 and 2017.
As we have mentioned already, women were the most affected by deforestation and other related issues. This movement involved the participation of the mass female villagers. However, both males and females had a vital role in the movement. Further, some of them are Gaura Devi, Sudesha Devi, Bachni Devi, Chandi Prasad Bhatt, Sundarlal Bahuguna, Govind Singh Rawat, Dhoom Singh Neji, Shamsher Singh Bisht.
IAS Exam Highlights
As we have mentioned above, this concept is an essential part of the IAS exam. It is one of the famous exams present in India. Later, you will find three rounds in the process of the exam. The first round consists of the prelims, the second round is the main exam, and the last round is the interview. Further, one must clear all stages to get selected. In the prelims paper, you will questions which are objective type, and in the main paper question are descriptive type. You can find complete information on the IAS exam details here. We have covered all details that will help you with the exam preparations. Read More. Then, to clear the exam, one must work hard and put in all efforts, as the competition is high. Only with hard work can one clear the exam.
As you know about the exam and competition. To clear the exam, one needs to follow up on good exam steps to score well in the exam. This also includes one to refer to the previous year’s question paper and study from the best books. Books are a vital part of any exam, and one cannot waste their time reading from the wrong books, which will not help you provide the proper information. Therefore, we have listed all book details for each subject of the UPSC exam. Click Here for more information.
Conclusion – Chipko Movement
The article mainly speaks about the Chipko Movement. It is one of the important movements that took place in India. We have covered all information with respect to the IAS exam. The article also covered details like impacts and background information. However, it is tough to know all the concept details, but it is important to understand all essential points for the exam. Further, one can refer to the previous year’s papers and solve mock papers. These all will help you with the IAS exam preparations. So, make sure that you have covered all essential details. Besides, we have covered all the UPSC study materials. Click here. Besides, these all links will help you to gain knowledge for the exam. While reading this article, try to note down all essential points it will help you with the exam. Good Luck with your exam.
Lastly, we have added a few FAQs for more details.
Who is the founder of the Chipko movement?
Chandi Prasad Bhatt is the founder of the Chipko movement.
There were two main leaders, Chandi Prasad Bhatt and Sunderlal Bhauguna.
Conserving trees and forests threatened by government-backed logging.
Chipko movement was started in the year 1973
It can be any exam, and one must understand the paper pattern and the exam syllabus.
Editor’s Note | Chipko Movement
In the above article, you will go through the complete information of the Chipko Movement. Understand the details like Chipko Movement or Andolan leader and the background information. It is one of the important concepts to know for the UPSC exam. Therefore, go through the article and understand the important points that will help you with the exam preparations. It is a good idea to maintain a separate book for all the essential concepts. You can study from the same book during the exam. Besides, we have added complete information on the IAS exam. All the best with your exams. With the right plan and direction one cam clear the exam. Make the best use of time available and try to give time for all concepts. So, try to know all details of the exam before applying for the exam.