The Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA) is an enhanced version of the Rajiv Gandhi Panchayat Sashaktikaran Abhiyan (RGPSA), which aims to develop the nation’s Panchayati Raj system. It falls under the categories of UPSC Prelims and GS Paper-II. So take your time and read this information thoroughly. We’ll also cover the full form of the RGSA, what the Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan & Rojgar Yojana is, the objective, and other important details. So, let’s begin
What is the Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA)?
The Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA) scheme was launched to help rural local governments become more able to adapt to new development needs by developing participatory plans that leverage technology and make the most efficient & effective use of available resources in order to achieve sustainable solutions to local problems that are linked to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The plan intends to make rural local governments more self-sufficient, financially stable, and efficient. In addition, it aims to close important gaps that stymie Panchayats’ performance by increasing their capacity and effectiveness, as well as encouraging devolution of authorities and responsibilities.
This system will apply to all states and union territories in the country, as well as rural local government institutions in non-Part areas without Panchayats. The authorized RGSA scheme will assist approximately 2.55 lakh Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in developing governance capacity to deliver on SDGs through accessible local governance and optimum resource utilization.
Why in the news: RGSA
- The Economic Affairs Committee of the Cabinet has given its approval to the implementation of the redesigned Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA) for execution from April 1, 2022, to March 31st, 2026.
- The program is now running in parallel with the 15th session of the Finance Commission.
- The scheme aims to strengthen Panchayati Raj Institutions’ governance capacity (PRIs).
RGSA: Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan is the full form of the yojana
You now know what Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan means and its full form Before we get into the objectives, relevance, budget, and Rojgar Yojana of the Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan, let’s have a look at another important UPSC topic: Sri Ramanujacharya’s Statue of Equality.
The following are the goals of the Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Yojana (RGSA):
- To help elected members of the Panchayati Raj System develop their capacity.
- Under the Panchayat System, establish chances for knowledge generation.
- Under the Panchayat System, Gram Sabhas are responsible for functions such as public engagement, transparency, and accountability.
- Panchayats were established under a variety of frameworks, each of which has lost efficacy over time. The RGSA was created to improve such mandatory frameworks.
- To enhance the Panchayats’ powers and duties for India’s rural development.
- “Sabka Sath, Sabka Gaon, Sabka Vikas” is the name of the campaign.
Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan: Importance
- Increased use of e-governance by PRIs will aid in improving service delivery and transparency.
- With enough human resources and facilities. it will construct the institutional structure for PRI capacity building at the national, state, and district levels.
- Because they are institutions closest to the grassroots & have representation from Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and women, developing panchayats. It will promote equity and inclusion, as well as social justice and economic progress.
- The RGSA-approved scheme will benefit around 2.78 lakh Rural Local Bodies.
- For India’s rural development, the State and the Central Government have given Panchayats a wide range of functions. Panchayats also have a number of training facilities to provide individuals with knowledge and training.
- The center aided the state government in promoting the RGSA Scheme so that the Gram Panchayats’ aims could be met.
- Members of the Gram Panchayats will be chosen via polls for administrative purposes. With the State Government assisting in the establishment of training and skill centers. For the members elected of the Panchayats, the centers will offer regular classes as well as distance learning programs.
- The state will provide 25% of the scheme’s funding, while the government will contribute 75%. The Central Government would provide complete support to non-governmental organizations. However, any aid from the central government for capital expenditures will be ignored.
- The Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA) is a government-sponsored program.
- The Indian government would fully fund the scheme’s primary components.
- The funding arrangement for State Components will be a 60:40 split between the Centre and the States.
- North-East, Hilly States, and Union Territory (UT) of J&K, where the Central and State shares will be 90:10. For other uses, however, the Central share will be 100 percent.
RGSA: Outcome & Budget
- More than 36 lakh elected representatives and 8 lakh Indian officials have received training as part of this scheme.
- Officials and delegates were successful in collecting a reservoir of information that they are now successfully applying to India’s rural development.
- One of the aims of this project was to strengthen the foundations of democracy in rural India, which is progressing well.
- According to several publications, social media, and political parties. Panchayat Raj has succeeded in forming an efficient level of government to date since people’s engagement has increased throughout time.
- The Finance Minister introduced the Mission Antyodaya in the Union Budget 2017-18, with the goal of bringing over 1 crore households out of poverty and developing more than 50000 Gram Panchayats.
Garib Kalyan Rojgar Yojana
PM Modi inaugurates the Abhiyaan through a video conference on June 20, 2020, in the presence of Bihar’s Chief Minister and Deputy Chief Minister.
The Rashtriya rojgar swaraj Abhiyan program would include 116 districts in six states, including Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, and Odisha, with over 25,000 returnee migrant workers.
Also, Rs 50,000 crore resource envelope has been set up.
Increased and focused development of 25 various types of projects on employing migrant labor and building infrastructure in the country’s rural areas.
We’ve covered the full form of the RGSA, what the Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan & Rojgar Yojana is, the goal, and other essential details in this post. The RGSA-approved scheme will benefit around 2.78 lakh Rural Local Bodies. In addition, almost 60 lakh elected representatives, officials, and other stakeholders of rural local organizations, including traditional bodies, will directly benefit from the project. This is a crucial topic for UPSC prelims and mains. As a result, read carefully and take notes. Find out more about the UPSC exam. Click Here to go to their official website.
UPSC Exam Preparation Quick Tips
- NCERT should be thoroughly read.
- It’s critical to keep to the course outline.
- While studying, make a list of essential points.
- Use editorials from the Hindu and the Indian Express to keep up with current events.
- Solve a big number of mock tests and papers from previous years.
Funds: Under the RGSA program, which includes Panchayat Incentiviasation and Mission Mode Project on e-Panchayat. A total of Rs.2364.13 crore was released to States, UTs, Panchayats, and other implementing agencies from 2018-19 to 2021-22.
Approximately 1.36 crore Elected Representatives, Functionaries, and other PRI stakeholders attended different and recurrent training as part of the effort from 2018-19 to 2021-22.
The proposal was first approved by the Cabinet in 2018, with plans to implement it between 2018-19 and 2021-22. The Union Cabinet approved a Rs 5,911 crore budget for the Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA), which aims to assist 2.78 lakh rural local authorities in achieving sustainable development goals. Improve Gram Sabhas so that they can serve as the Panchayat system’s primary platform for citizen participation, transparency, and accountability. Devolve rights and duties to Panchayats in accordance with the spirit of the Constitution and the PESA Act of 1996.
During the Covid recovery phase, the “Atmanirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana” is introduced to enhance formal sector employment and incentivize the creation of new job possibilities under the Atmanirbhar Bharat Package 3.0. The plan will be operative from 2020 to 2023.
The full form of RGSA is Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan
Editor’s Note | RGSA
Finally, we’ve included details on the RGSA – Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan & Rojgar Yojana, including the full form, objectives, implementation, and outcomes, among other things. A link to the official UPSC website is also provided so that you may verify the exam date and receive more UPSC and other competitive exam updates. We’ve also included 5 quick ideas to help you prepare for the UPSC exam. Also, Don’t forget to look through the rest of our website for more important information. When preparing notes for UPSC, make sure that your method of note arrangement is efficient so that you don’t waste all of your time taking notes. The ideal way to do this is to take notes on digital devices such as a PC, laptop, or smartphone, as this will make your task much easier and less time-consuming. Work hard and concentrate on your studies. Lastly, best of luck.