This article focuses on the Non Aligned Movement, knowing about the NAM headquarters, countries, summit, HQ, and other essential things that will help you with IAS exam preparations. Further, one can refer to the previous year’s question papers to know about the question paper pattern, marks, and other details. One can dream of becoming the next IAS officer, but in the end, only a few will be able to clear the exam. This exam will not only check with your subject knowledge but also your hard work towards your goals.
About the Article
As we have mentioned above, we will be talking about the Non Aligned Movement in this article. The Non Aligned Movement is a summit that was held in Azerbaijan in June 2019. Further, it is an important international organization where India has played a significant role since its inception.
|Coordinating Bureau||United Nations|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Membership||120 member states18 states (observers)10 international organizations|
|• Principal decision-|
|Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries (2019–22)|
1 September 1961; 60 years ago as the Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries
Further, below we have added all details of the NAM headquarters (HQ), summit, and another vital thing below. Try to note down all points while reading the article.
What is Non Aligned Movement
Further, the NAM is an international forum of 120 developing countries that believe in the idea of non-alignment with the central power blocs. This originated in the 1950s as an effort by some governments to avoid the polarized world of the Cold War between the pro-Soviet communist countries and the pro-American capitalist countries.
Background – NAM Summit
The Non-Aligned Movement is created during the Cold War as an organization of States. Later, the basic concept for the group originated in 1955 during discussions that took place at the Asia-Africa Bandung Conference held in Indonesia. Then, the basic idea for the group was formed in 1955 during discussions that took place at the Asia-Africa Bandung Conference conducted in Indonesia. Besides, the first NAM Summit Conference took place in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, in September 1961.
The Non-Aligned Movement was founded and conducted its first conference in 1961. Later, under the guidance of Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Jawaharlal Nehru, Kwame Nkrumah, and Sukarno.
Evolution so far
Many historians agree that the most vital antecedent to the formation of the Non-Aligned Movement was the Bandung Conference of 1955. Further, Bandung Asian African Conference brought together 29 heads of government of the first post-colonial generation of leadership from Africa and Asia. Further, it made gathered Nehru, Nasser, Tito, Kwame Nkrumah, and Sukarno under one umbrella. In addition, they were leaders of international standing and attracted many other nations of Asia and Africa into the NAM. Later, in the conference, the Ten Principles of Bandung were adopted and these would be the guiding principles of NAM.
Currently, 120 member countries are in the NAM. India is a founding member of the organization. Our neighbors Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Afghanistan are also members. Further, All African countries except Western Sahara and South Sudan are members of NAM. Later, in the Americas many South and Central American nations are members. Then, European countries Azerbaijan and Belarus are members of NAM.
- In the first place, respect for principles enshrined in the charter of the United Nations and international law.
- Further, respect for the sovereignty, sovereign equality and territorial integrity of all States. Besides, Peaceful settlement of all international conflicts.
- Respect the right of every country to defend itself, either individually or collectively, in conformity with the Charter of the United Nations.
- Withhold from acts or threats of aggression and use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any nation.
- Settlement of all international discussion by peaceful means.
- Further, promotion of mutual interest and cooperation.
- Lastly, respect for justice and international obligations.
- Further, there are three elements that define the approach of the organization are, Right of independent judgement, Struggle against imperialism and neo-colonialism, and making use of moderation in relations with all big powers.
- Also, restructuring Use of moderation in relations with all big power and it adopts ideals such as the right to self-determination, anti-apartheid, national independence, anti-colonialism, and sovereignty of nations, etc.
Functions of Non Aligned Movement
Further, concerning functions, NAM decisions are taken by the consensus, which need not be universal, but only requires substantial agreement. Later, it is responsible for the coordinating Bureau based at the UN in New York City. Then, all NAM members meet every three years at the NAM Summit Conference of Heads of State. Further, the current chairperson of NAM is Ilham Aliyev, the President of Azerbaijan. He holds the post till 2022.
India and NAM
Further, India is a founder and the most prominent member in NAM was an active participant in NAM meetings. Later, the Prime Minister of India skipped the 17th NAM to be held in Venezuela in 2016, and it was only the second such instance when the Head of a state didn’t participate in the NAM conference. Later, in most other NAM countries, India has integrated itself to varying degrees within the liberal economic order and benefited from it.
Further, India is a member of the G20 and has declared itself a nuclear weapons power, and has, for all practical purposes, it has abandoned the call for global nuclear disarmament. India has also engaged itself with new and old global powers. India is joining the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue. Then, India is striving hard for multipolar world order and asserting itself as one of the players.
IAS Exam Details
What is the first thought that comes to your mind when you hear the IAS exam? As we all know that the UPSC exam is one of the toughest exams present in India, and it is has the longest syllabus. Further, to clear the IAS exam, one must be a hard worker and put all efforts to get selected as an IAS officer. As the competition is high, good preparation for the exam is essential. Further, there are three main rounds. Prelims, Main exam, and interview round. Questions in the prelims are objective type, and questions in the main exam are descriptive type. Besides, one must be careful while selecting the optional subject, and one must understand their skills and interests and choose the optional topic.
Further, to prepare for the IAS exam, either you can study on your own or go for the coaching classes. But, it depends on one person to the another as we have seen many IAS officers have cleared the exam without coaching classes in their first attempt. Therefore, it completely depends on the hard work and efforts you put in. The IAS exam is not like any other exam, it requires special measures and dedication.
One of the first things for any exam is understanding the exam syllabus and the pattern of the paper. We have covered all data related to the IAS exam. Know the exam pattern, syllabus, books, tips, and other details. Read More. This article will help you with NAM headquarters (HQ) and other information.
Conclusion – Non Aligned Movement
This particular article will give you complete information related to the NAM countries, headquarters (HQ), summit, and other essential information. It is one of the vital concepts for the IAS exam, and we have also added all knowledge of the IAS exam. One can also go through the official website to know about the IAS exam. We have provided enough information to go for the IAS exam. Later, get information on the other IAS exam study materials here; we have tried covering vital things that will help you with IAS exam preparations. Read More.
FAQs – Non Aligned Movement
Understand more about the NAM, NAM headquarters (HQ), and other information.
Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, during the inaugural ceremony of Leaders’ Meeting.
Editor’s Note | Non Aligned Movement
In summary, get all information related to the Non Aligned Movement (NAM) headquarters, countries, HQ, and other essential details. In the later part of the article, get information related to the IAS exam, and we have provided you with the vital links that will help you with the exam. Then, to clear the IAS exam, one must understand the exam syllabus and the pattern of the paper. However, it is a little hard to know all the details related to the NAM. If you know the vital things it will be enough for the exam.
Besides, it is good to maintain a separate notebook to write all the essential points, and you can study the same during the IAS exam. Further, there are many platforms that offer many test series, mock tests, and other notes it will assist you with the IAS exam preparations. We wish you good luck with the IAS exam.