As a part of the UPSC exam syllabus, we have covered various topics in our previous articles. Further, in the article, we have added all information related to the India UK (United Kingdom) Relations. So, read the article and get all details related to India Britain Relations. Therefore, make sure that you have written all points while reading the below article. As we all know about the IAS exam, to get the best results in the exam, one needs to cover the entire syllabus.
- Education – India UK Relations
- Political Relations
- Economic Relations
- Trade Relations
- Challenges – India UK Relations
- IAS Exam Preparation Tips
- Conclusion – India UK Relations
- FAQs – India Britain Relations
- Editor's Note | India UK Relations
To begin with, the India-United Kingdom relations refer to the international relations between India and the United Kingdom. It is also known as the Indian–British relations, and both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations. The India and UK relationships are mainly on the five below relations
- trade and economy
- security areas
India’s main exports to the UK are:
- ready-made garments and textiles, and ems and jewelry
- engineering goods,
- petroleum and petrochemical products,
- transport equipment and parts,
- manufactures of metals, and instruments
- drugs & pharmaceuticals
- marine products.
The imports from the UK to India are:
- precious and semi-precious stones,
- ores and metal scraps,
- engineering goods,
- non-ferrous metals, chemicals, and machinery.
India and UK are bounded by firm culture and political relations. Let us now understand the history of the India and United Kingdom Relations.
- 1600 – This year, the first trade was established between Mughal India and Tudor England.
- 1707 – EIC became more potent in manufacturing, taking India’s then share in global GDP to 25%.
- 1757 – The Battle of Plassey started the advent of company rule in India.
- 1857 – This year the Indian rebellion of 1857 led to the end of company rule in India.
- 1858 – Further, the British govt took control of territories and treaty arrangements of the former East India Company.
- 1876 – This year, Queen Victoria was declared the Empress of India and ruled over today’s modern India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
- 1950 – India decided to be in the commonwealth of nations after becoming a republic.
- 2004 – The India-united kingdom partnership was upgraded to a strategic one
- 2010 – The relations were elevated to ‘Enhanced Partnership for the Future.
- 2021 – The prime ministers of both countries agreed to a new and transformational India-UK comprehensive strategic partnership
In the first place, India and the United Kingdom share modern partnerships bound by strong historical ties. Further, civil nuclear energy, space, defense, combating terrorism, economic ties, science & technology, education, and culture are the areas of cooperative relations between India and the UK. In addition, the UK supports India’s proposal for permanent membership in the UNSC. It is also an essential interlocutor for India in the European Union, Group of Eight, G20, and global contexts.
Culture Relations – India UK Relations
To begin with, India and UK signed a Memorandum of Understanding on Cultural Cooperation in July 2010. Further, the Nehru Centre (TNC), established in 1992 in London, is the cultural outreach of the High Commission of India in the UK. In addition, there has been a gradual mainstreaming of Indian culture and absorption of Indian cuisine, cinema, languages, religion, philosophy, performing arts, etc.
Education – India UK Relations
If you are aware, India is the second-largest source of students studying in the UK. Further, the UK-India Education and Research Initiative (UKIERI) was launched in 2005. In 2016, it was announced as the UK-India year of Education, Research and Innovation.
Further, the UK and India both use combined research and innovation. Both country’s Health partnerships envision enhancing global health security and pandemic resilience. They promote healthy societies and strengthen health systems through increased collaboration on clinical education, health worker mobility, and digital health.
Talking about the political relationships, both strong ties of history and culture bind the countries. Further, India and UK adopted Joint Declaration titled ‘India-UK: towards a new and dynamic partnership.’
In 2010, the relations were elevated to ‘Enhanced Partnership for the Future. In addition, the UK supported India’s proposal for permanent membership in the UNSC.
The economic relationship developed with the establishment of the JETCO in 2005. It handles trade and investment barriers on both sides and promotes business links. Further, India invested in 120 projects and created over 5,000 jobs in the UK to become their second-largest source of FDI. Later, in 2020 at the Joint Economic and Trade Committee (JETCO) meeting signed by both countries.
Further, the UK and India are the major trading partners, and during the year 2016-17. In addition, as per trade statistics of MoC&I, India’s trade with the UK in 2017-2018 was US $14.497 billion. Some of the products from India to the UK include:
- Manufactured articles
- Transport Equipment
- Manufactures of metal
From the UK to India include:
- Chemical materials & products
- Non-Ferrous Metals
- Ferrous ores & Metal scrap
It is one of the essential relations. In the year 2005, during the Prime Minister’s visit to the UK in November, the two countries agreed to sign a Defence relationship by establishing capability partnerships in strategic areas.
The UK is the 4th largest inward investor in India, after Mauritius, Singapore, and Japan. Further, it accounts for about 7% of all foreign direct investment in India.
Challenges – India UK Relations
However, there were some challenges faced by both countries. Let us understand below.
- Due to the colonial prism that has distorted mutual perceptions
- Further, legacy partition and Britain’s perceived tilt to Pakistan have long complicated the engagement between India and the UK.
- In addition, the labor party’s recent attitude has become rather hostile to India’s internal matters, including Kashmir.
- In the first place, the India and UK relationship has been on an upward trajectory since the conclusion of a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership.
- The Secretary furthered the talks on defense-related trade and deepening cyber security and defense cooperation between the two countries.
IAS Exam Preparation Tips
Below we have added some tips that will help you with IAS exam preparations. Try to use them while preparing for the exam.
- To begin with, it can be an exam, and one must understand the exam syllabus and the pattern of the paper. In addition, one must refer to the previous year’s question papers.
- Further, one can visit various platforms as they will offer you mock tests and test series. Solving such papers will help you to know your skills and how you can improve them.
- Understand which are the best books for each subject. However, it is not possible to study from all the books, therefore, know which are the best books.
- In addition, one must practice answer writing. Only studying will not help you. Therefore, having answer writing practice regularly will help you in various ways.
- As the exam syllabus is vast, cover all topics that will help you get the best results in the exam. Make the best use of available time, to make it easier, make a proper timetable and give time for all subjects.
- Further, one must read newspapers, as current affairs play a major role in the IAS exam preparations.
- Lastly, one must go through the official website to get the latest information related to the IAS exam. Know More.
Conclusion – India UK Relations
The article will give you all details related to India UK Relations (India Britain Relations). It is one of the essential topics for the IAS exam. Click here to get the complete details related to IAS exam study materials. In addition, you will find some suggestions for the exam to help you score good marks. Further, to clear the IAS exam, one must work hard and put in all special efforts. As the competition to become an IAS officer is high, getting through struggle is real. In addition, get all details related to the IAS exam. Click Here.
FAQs – India Britain Relations
Go through the below FAQs for more details on India Britain Relations.
Due to the Naval Mutiny, Britain decided to leave India in a hurry because they were afraid that the mutiny spread to the army and police.
In 1947 the British withdrew from the area, and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India and Pakistan.
There are mainly three rounds in the IAS exam. Prelims exam, the main exam, and the Interview round, one must clear all rounds to get selected.
Editor’s Note | India UK Relations
To conclude, get all the information on India Britain Relations. We have added all the necessary information that is enough for the IAS exam. In addition, you will find all the suggestions for the IAS exam. We suggest one to maintain a separate book and study the same during the exam. Also, solve mock tests to get the best results in the exam. We wish you good luck with the UPSC exam. There are so many IAS officers who have struggles a lot to get what they wanted. So, if you wish to become the next IAS officer, one must work hard and put all efforts. Also, it is a long process there is a need of time and patience. Good Luck.