Today in this article, we will be discussing the new Ramsar Sites in India. Further, you will find complete information on the largest and the latest Ramsar sites in India. So, read the entire article and know more about the total Ramsar sites in India.
What is Ramsar Site?
Probably you might be thinking about what Ramsar Site is? First, let us know everything about it. So, any wetland site listed under the Ramsar Convention that aims to protect it and advance sustainable utilization of its natural resources is called a Ramsar Site. Further, talking about the wetlands, these are ecosystems saturated with water, either seasonally or permanently. Then, they include floodplains, mangroves, marshes, rivers, lakes, deltas, and flooded forests, rice fields, coral reefs, marine areas no deeper than six meters at low tide. Besides, as human-made wetlands such as waste-water treatment ponds and reservoirs. Later, they cover only around 6% of the Earth’s land surface, animal species live or breed in wetlands, and 40% of all plants.
Further, the term Ramsar was coined when the International Treaty for the Conservation and Sustainable. Besides, the use of Wetlands was signed at a city in Iran called Ramsar in 1971. Besides, this topic is essential for the IAS exam as well.
Facts of the Ramsar sites
- In the first place, Ramsar sites are one of the major protected areas globally, and Sundarbans is the largest Ramsar Site of India.
- Further, there are 2,414 Ramsar sites present in the world, covering 254,543,971.597 hectares area.
- Further, World’s First Ramsar site, the Cobourg Peninsula, was identified in 1974, and it is present in Australia.
- Chilika Lake, present in Orissa and Keoladeo National Park (Rajasthan) was recognized as the first Ramsar Sites of India, is the first Ramsar Site in India.
- Currently, there are over 2400 Ramsar sites present in the world, covering an area of 2.5 million sq. kilometers.
- Besides, Uttar Pradesh has the most Ramsar Sites in India and 8 Indian Wetlands.
- The United Kingdom (UK) has the world’s largest number of Ramsar Sites, with 175.
- Further, Renuka Wetland (Area – 20 ha) in Himachal Pradesh is the smallest wetland of India.
- Then, February 2 is celebrated as International Wetlands Day.
- Besides, the number of contracting parties for the Ramsar Convention as of October 2019 is 171.
The Ramsar Convention works in collaboration with the following organizations:
- IUCN – International Union for Conservation of Nature .
- Birdlife International.
- IWMI – International Water Management Institute
- Wetlands International.
- WWT – Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
- Lastly, WWF International
Total Ramsar Sites in india
Further, click on the below link for the details on the Ramsar Sites in India. Then, in the following table, we have listed a few sites.
|Saman Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh|
|Samaspur Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh|
|Sandi Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh|
|Sarsai Nawar Jheel||Uttar Pradesh|
|Hokera Wetland||Jammu & Kashmir|
|Keoladeo National Park||Rajasthan|
|Kolleru lake||Andhra Pradesh|
So, you can download the document for your reference on the total Ramsar sites in India. Further, click here, to know about the latest news on the Ramsar Sites.
Role of Wetlands
Let us now understand the role of the wetlands below.
- They have historical importance; the value of the urban setting has been evident throughout our history. Further in southern India, you will find wetlands built by the Cholas, the Hoysalas.
- Then, it has a multi-layered role; wetlands won’t only support a high concentration of biodiversity but also offer a wide range of vital resources and ecosystem services like food, water, fiber, groundwater recharge, water purification, flood moderation, storm protection, erosion control, carbon storage, and climate regulation.
- Lastly, they are the liquid assets of cities, and they serve a unique role in contributing to the cultural heritage and have a deep connection with the city. Further, the vale of the wetland in securing local livelihood throught the activities like fishing, farming and tourism.
New Ramsar sites in India
Recently, four new wetland sites have been added to the Ramsar wetlands by the convention. Further, they are situated in Haryana and Gujarat in India. Then, below we have added the details of the new Ramsar sites in India
- Recently, the Ramsar Convention has designated four new wetlands in India, as wetlands of global importance. It is an international treaty for the protection and wise use of wetlands.
- Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary – It is the the largest wetland in Haryana. Further, it is a human-made freshwater wetland.
- Sultanpur National Park – It is the wetland present in from Haryana and it provides more than 220 species of resident, winter migratory. Then to local migratory waterbirds at critical stages of their life cycles.
- Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary – It is present in the in Gujarat lies on the Central Asian Flyway. Further, it has more than 320 bird species can be found here.
- Wadhwana Wetland – It is also present in the Gujarat is internationally essential for its birdlife as it supports wintering ground to migratory waterbirds. It includes over 80 species that migrate on the Central Asian Flyway.
- These wetlands are home to endangered bird species like Egyptian Vulture, Saker Falcon, Sociable Lapwing, and the near threatened Dalmatian Pelican.
- Lastly, the number of Ramsar sites in India are 46.
Questions From Ramsar Sites for the UPSC exam.
- The wetland of Astamudi is located in
- Tamil Nadu
Answer – Kerala
- Chandertal Wetland is present in which state of India?
- Himachal Pradesh
Answer – Himachal Pradesh
- Bhoj Wetland is situated in which state of India?
- Uttar Pradesh
- Madhya Pradesh
Answer – Madhya Pradesh
- Which of the following is Oxbow Wetland?
- Chandertal in Himachal Pradesh
- Nilnag in Kashmir
- Rudrasagar in Tripura
- Loktak in Manipur
Answer – Rudrasagar in Tripura
- Tso Kar wetland is in which region of India?
- Uttar Pradesh
- West Bengal
Answer – Ladakh
Above are a few examples of the questions related to the Ramsar sites in India. To understand more questions asked Above are a few examples of the questions related to the Ramsar sites in India. To understand more questions asked in the UPSC exam, you can refer to the previous year’s question papers and also textbooks. Further, the UPSC exam is one of the toughest and has the longest syllabus in India. Besides, in the UPSC, there are three stages they are prelims, the main exam, and the interview round. Later, suppose you plan to write the IAS exam and are worried about the exam details. In that case, we will help you by providing you with the complete details of the IAS exam, get the complete information of the IAS exam syllabus, books, tips, and more. Click Here
To conclude, in the above article, you will find the complete details of the Ramsar Sites in India. Then, you will find the complete information on new Ramsar sites in India. Besides, know what is the meaning of the Ramsar Sites in India and know why it is important for the UPSC exam. Later, you will highlight the UPSC exam. Then, to clear the IAS exam takes a lot of special effort and hard work.
It is not easy to clear the exam, but one can clear the exam with the right direction and plan. Besides, to get the best knowledge of the subjects, it is vital for students to study from the best books and there are many sources available online. Later, you have the option of joining classes, it will help you cover the syllabus and receive study materials. However, the success rate is also seen in self-study, but one must work hard and show dedication towards their goals.
Lastly, following a few FAQs for more details on the topic.
Chilika Lake is the first Ramsar Site in India.
There are 46 Ramsar sites present in India.
The Cobourg Peninsula is the first Ramsar site.
There are a total of 2,400 Ramsar Sites
The United Kingdom has more Ramsar Sites.
Editor’s Note | Ramsar Sites in India
In summary, in the above article, we have added the complete details of the total Ramsar sites in India. Besides, you will find the complete information on the latest Ramsar sites in India, and we have added questions on the same that will help you with the exam preparations. From the exam point of view, one must know details of the latest Ramsar sites in India. Moreover, to get the best results in the IAS exam, one must cover the complete syllabus.
Becoming an IAS officer is the dream of many, and it is also one of the decent jobs in India. Further, one should make sure that they know everything about the exam, from the application form to the results. Then, you can visit the official website for more details. So, one can become the next IAS officer with the right plan. Finally, we wish you good luck with the exams.