Are you aware of the fact that understanding Urbanisation in India is essential for the UPSC exam? Not to worry, in the article below, we have discussed the most urbanised state in India, urbanization factors, important topic for UPSC, and causes of Urbanisation. As the exam syllabus is vast, one must understand all the urbanization important topics for UPSC and prepare for the exam. Then, try to make points while reading the article and study them during the exam.
So, the first thing that pops into your mind is the meaning of Urbanisation in India? It means the population shift from rural to urban areas, the corresponding decrease in the proportion of people living in rural areas, and how societies adapt to this change.
Further, India has a population of 461 million people living in cities. Then, it is expected to generate 75% of India’s national GDP by 2031. Now we will get the complete details and understand why it is important for the urbanization important topic for the UPSC exam.
History of Urbanisation in India
Now let us look into the History of Urbanization in India. In the first place, in 1687 -88, the first municipal corporation in India was set up at Madras. Further, in 1726, Municipal Corporation was set up in Bombay and Calcutta. Later, in the year 1882, a resolution passed. According to that, a panchayat was to be formed at the village level, district boards, taluq boards, and municipalities also came into existence. Further, there were a total of five-year plans, and they are as follows.
- First and Second-year plans focused on the institution and organization building, and the same was instructed to the states to do.
- Then, in the third year, importance was given to the towns and cities in balanced regional development.
- Further, in the fourth plane, it continued with the same objective of the third plan. Besides, the development of the 72 urban areas was undertaken.
- In the fifth plan, the act named urban land ceiling passed in the year 1976.
Click here to know about the IAS exam history and other related details of the exam. Read More
Causes of Urbanisation in India
Then, now we will understand the causes of Urbanisation
- Commercialization – Commerce and trade palys a major role. Further, due to distribution of products and services, commercial transactions, it has resulted n the development of modern marketing company and exchange techniques, which have raised the expansion of towns and cities.
- Industrialization – It means transition from the traditional agricultural economics and toward a new non-agricultural economy. Further, it results in modern society. Besides, many people leave rural place for a better job possibilities.
- Modernization – When people move to cities, it is sure that there will be a change in their lifestyle. As they happened to enjoy, communication, transportation, medical facilities, clothing code, etc. Further, not only this but there will be change in housing habits, attitudes, clothing, cuisine, and beliefs.
Advantages of Urban Living
Besides, now we will look into some of the advantages of living in the cities.
- It is easy to get various services like hospitals, education, better opportunities, better health.
- Then, easy access to information such as radio, television, etc. These days, everyone uses smartphones, but when it comes to rural places, one may face difficulty in the network.
- Further, people who live in urban areas will be having better exposure to various things. Like women living in towns and cities are more likely to be informed about family planning.
Effects of Urbanization
It is a known fact that with an increase in Urbanisation in India, one can see the positive and negative impacts. Further, some of the problems we have listed below.
- Overcrowding – As a large number of people move from rural regions to the cities. It happened when many people started sharing a small place. Because of this, urban congestion is a constant.
- Housing Problems – Obviously, when people start moving from rural to cities, it results in continuous scarcity of housing.
- Unemployment – We all know that the unemployment rate is high in India. So, when people move from one place to the other, there will be a job to fulfill basic requirements. Further, due to high expenses in urban, it becomes important for one to find a job.
- Problems related to water – If you have observed in urban areas, you will find insufficient sewerage infrastructure because of overcrowding and rapid population growth. Further, the lack of resources, it resulted in sanitation suffers.
- Health Issues – It is a known fact that your health will get affected. Further, one may suffer from poor health and the spread of diseases. Then, public health services are crowded, and the other factors influence them.
- Traffic – The major problem in the cities is traffic. As the population grows, transportation will also increase. Further, this results in traffic congestion and pollution.
Suggestions on how to study Urbanisation in India for the UPSC exam
This particular topic is essential for the important urbanization topic for the UPSC exam. So, below we will give you some tips to try to use them during the exam.
- Reading from the NCERT textbooks is so essential. These books are easy to understand, and also they cover all the basic knowledge of the subject.
- When you read, one must try to make their own points. So, know which are the important points and write them down. It will help you with your revision.
- In the exam it is not a good idea to write long answers, So, it will be good if you write short answers, but try to include only important points. Just don’t write an answer, which makes no sense to give marks.
- Now one can make the best use of the internet. There are so many sources available online, and one can easily make digital notes as there are many apps that offer you the same. By doing this, you will not lose any notes.
- Revision is the key to remembering things. So, we suggest do a proper revision, and it will help during the exam.
- It is essential to make use of flow charts with replacement with words. Further, it will gain you marks and be easy to understand. Then, we have added the link above that will help you in giving tips for the exam. You will also find details of the books, tips, short cuts, and other exam related things.
Now you have got the complete information. Let us know some points on the exam, this exam is the most challenging exam for many people in India. It is because of the exam syllabus. If you are reading this article, you are probably preparing for the IAS exam. But, then, the syllabus is not only vast. It covers so many topics, and one needs to cover everything to get the best results in the exam. The exam contains objective-type questions in the first stage and answers written in the exam. So, to help you with all the exam details, we have covered complete information about the IAS exam. From the application form to the results. So, if you are preparing for the exam, make sure that you go through various articles from here. Read More.
Conclusion – Urbanisation in India
In the article, we have focused on covering complete information on Urbanisation in India and the most urbanised state in India. Further, you will get details on the causes of Urbanisation, important urbanization topics for UPSC, and other related information. So, if you are planning to write the IAS exam, you must also try to cover this topic for the exam as we all know that this exam comes with the longest syllabus. It is hard to remember all the points, so one can make notes while reading the article and studying during the exam. For more details on the exam, one can go through the official site.
Then, we have provided you with some of the tips for exam preparations. At the start, you may face some problems, but with the right plan you can crack the exam and you can become the next IAS officer. It is about hard work and patience. So, prepare well for the exam, good luck with your exam.
FAQs – Urbanisation in India
Then, look into some FAQs below for more details on the topic.
After 1941, the rapid growth of four metropolitan cities in India was Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai, and Chennai.
The most urbanised state in India is Tamil Nadu.
Industrialization is a major cause of Urbanization. As it expanded the job opportunities, many people from rural areas are shifted to the urban areas.
Editor’s Note | Urbanisation in India
In the above article, you will get information about the causes of Urbanisation in India, causes of Urbanisation, urbanization important topic for the UPSC exam. This article will give you all the details, and make sure that you make notes while reading the article. All the essential points related to the topic, like most urbanised state in India, urbanization important topic for the UPSC exam have been added in the above article, and it will help you with the exam. Then, as it is impossible to study everything, we have added essential tips to help you with the same. So try to use the above tips while preparing for the exam. Then, to clear the exam it is important to work hard and prepare well for the exam. All the best for the exam.