As a part of UPSC exam study materials, we have been discussing various exciting topics related to the country and other nations. Along with this, we are also covering details about different government institutions. Further, in the article below, we will cover information on the Battle of Plassey or Plasi War. Get information on the battle of Plassey was fought in and the causes of the battle of Plassey. Let’s begin.
To begin with, the Plassey war or Plasi war is the point where the British took a step ahead in ruling India. Further, it is a victory of the British East India Company against the Nawab of Bengal and his French allies on 23 Jun 1757. It was under the leadership of Rober Clive. This war occurred during the period called the later Mughal Period. Further, during this period, Alamgir-II was ruling the empire. As a result of this war, they got control of most of the Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, and Afghanistan.
Further, Bengal was the most fertile and the richest state of the Mughal Empire. Currently, it is present in Bangladesh and the states of Bihar and Odisha. Besides, it was having economic importance for textiles, silk, and saltpetre. There were exports happening from Bengal to Europe which included saltpetre, rice, indigo, pepper, sugar, silk, cotton textiles, handicrafts, etc. Further, Bengal was the first kingdom to be occupied by the British in India. Around 60% of the British imports from Asia included goods from Bengal. Later, the British East India Company laid its foundation in Calcutta and established a British commercial settlement in the 1690s. Then, the company’s exports from Bengal were worth more than £ 50,000 per annum.
Understanding the details of the war is important for the UPSC exam as well. Further, check out IAS exam details here, like exam procedure and the exam syllabus. Click Here. Even though it is one of the toughest exams, there are many success stories. Therefore, with the right plan, one can clear the exam.
What is Battle of Plassey?
Let us understand more about the Plassey war, and it is a battle between the East India Company led by Robert Clive and the Nawab of Bengal. Further, it took place at Palashi on the banks of the Hooghly River, and it is about 150 k.m north of Calcutta and south of Murshidabad, then the capital of Bengal Subah. Clive conquered Siraj-ud-Daulah at Plassey in 1757 and captured Calcutta. Further, the battle was preceded by an attack on British-controlled Calcutta by Nawab Siraj-ud-Daulah and the Black Hole massacre. Then, the British sent reinforcement under the leadership of Robert Clive and Admiral Charles Watson from Madras to Bengal and recaptured Calcutta. Further, Clive was successful in capturing the French fort of Chandernagar. This caused tension between Siraj-ud-daulah and the British culminating in the Battle of Plassey.
During the course of the war, on October 1764, in a final attempt the British from Bengal, along with armies of Mir Kasim, who was the Nawab of Awadh and Shah Alam II, came together to war against the former. Further, as a result, it confirmed the British power over the Bengal and also marked the end of the attempt to rule Bengal through a Nawab.
Further, along with the Rober Clive and Nawab of Bengal Siraj-ud-daula, many were present in the battle. Siraj-ud-daula, he was before the Nawab of Bengal and . He took upon East India company because of their misuse of dastaks. Rober Clive was the chief commander of the British East India Company army. Further, Mir Jafar was the military head of the army of Nawab of Bengal. But, he was misled as Rober Clive bribed him. Rai Durlabh was one of the commanders of Siraj-ud-daula’s army. However, he betrayed the Nawab as the East India Company bribed him. Lastly, Jagat Seth was the most prominent banker of Bengal at that time.
Before the war, the East India Company had a strong presence in India, especially in three main stations. They are Fort St. George in Madras, Fort William in Calcutta, and Bombay Castle in western India since the Anglo-Mughal War. Further, these stations were independent, and they were governed by the president and a council, which was appointed by the Court of Directors in England. Later, the British adopted a policy of allying themselves with different princes and Nawabs. Further, by the 18th century, all rivalry between the British East India Company and the Dutch or Portuguese counterparts. Later, the French also established an East India Company under Louis XIV. Further, they had two important stations in India and they are Chandernagar in Bengal and Pondicherry on the Carnatic coast.
Causes of battle of Plassey War
The war occurred because of some actions that took place in India. Below we have listed some of the causes of the Plassey war.
- It caused because of the trade privileges given to the British by the Nawab of Bengal and non-payment of tax and duty by the workers of the British East India company.
- Further, misleading Nawab on different fronts by British. Besides, an asylum was provided to Nawab’s enemy Krishna Das.
- Later, problems seen when he alliance was disrupted under the rule of Nawab of Bengal. Further, the Nawab initiated seizing the fort present in the Calacutta. Besides, the prisoners were kept in a dungeon at Fort William
- The above incident called as the Black Hole of Calcutta since only a few prisoners lived in the captivity where over a hundred people were kept in a cell.
- Later, the East India Company planned an attack and Clive bribed Mir Jafar, who was the commander-in-chief of the Nawab’s army, and also gave him word to make him Nawab of Bengal.
Effects of battle of Plassey
Now you have for the important points on the Passey War, try to understand what were the effects of Plassey war below.
- In the first place, as political effects, this results in end of the French forces, and Mir Jafar was crowned as the Nawab of Bengal.
- Further, Mir Jafar planned an attack the British in order to consolidate his foundation, and this was because he was unhappy with his position.
- The Dutch and British fought the battle of Chinsura on November 25, 1759. Later, Robert Clive was titled “Lord Clive”.
- Then, there was a severe fall in the economy. Further, the British started imposing severe rules and regulations on the inhabitants of Bengal in the name of tax collection.
Later, click here to know about some interesting facts on the Plasi War. Click Here.
Conclusion – Battle of Plassey
In summary, the above article gives you information on the battle of Plassey was fought in and the causes of the battle of Plassey. Further, we have added all the necessary details like war background, causes, and effects. So, if you want to know about the Plassey war, this article helps you provide all details, and it is also essential as a part of the UPSC study material. Therefore, by the end of this article, you will understand all the details related to the war. It will also help you with the exam preparations as we all know that the IAS exam is one of the difficult exams in India. It is because of the syllabus of the exam. Therefore, as a part of the IAS exam understanding the Plassey war is also vital; therefore, note down all the points while reading the article.
Further, concerning the IAS exam, it consists of three main stages. Preliminary exam, the main exam, and interview round. One needs to clear all stages. Later, one must try to cover all the essential topics that are important for the exam. Besides, it is vital to solving as many question papers as possible. It will help you to understand the exam pattern and the exam syllabus. Again, to help you with the same, we have added all the essential topics that are important for the IAS exam. Read More.
FAQs – Battle of Plassey
Check out some FAQs on the Plasi War below.
The Battle of Plassey happened in north-eastern India on 23 June 1757
It is one of the famous battles, as British east India company victory over the Nawab of Bengal and his French allies.
British East India was successful in winning the battle of Plassey.
Editor’s Note | Battle of Plassey
In brief, know the complete information of the Battle of Plassey was fought in or Plasi war from the above article. In addition, know about the battle of plassey was fought in and caused of the war. It was one of the turning point took place which enhanced the rule British East India Company in India. Later, understand what was post war effects and it effected people in India. As we have mentioned already, it is important as a part of the IAS exam preparations. Further, we have covered all the points that are essential for the UPSC exam, so try to make all the important points while reading the article.