The Russian Revolution 1917, what do you understand about this? We can say that it took place in the Russian Empire by name. This article will provide you with all information on the Russian Revolution Timeline and other essential details. As a part of the exam, it becomes vital to know about the essential points. By reading the below article, you will understand how it happened and the outcomes. As we always mention, whenever you study new concepts, it is a good idea to write down the essential points you can read same during the exam. But, revision is also equally important. So, let’s begin and get complete information on the Russian Revolution in 1917.
- Background Details
- What is Russian Revolution
- First World War
- IAS Exam
- Conclusion – Russian Revolution
- FAQs – Russian Revolution Timeline
- Editor's Note | Russian Revolution
The Russian Revolution took place in a period of political and social Revolution in the former Russian Empire and started during the First World War. Further, it was a series of revolutions of the early 20th century. Besides, the first Revolution took place in 1905, followed by the Russian Revolution of 1917.
|March 8 1917 – June 16 1923
(6 years, 3 months, and 8 days)
(8–16 March 1917) Dual power
(March 16 – November 7, 1917) Russian Civil War
(November 7, 1917 – June 16, 1923)
|former Russian Empire
In the 1990s, Russia was one of the most economically backward and least industrialized nations in Europe. Further, it had a large population and increasing industrial workers. It is the place where a system landless peasants were forced to serve the land-owning nobility used to practice, and it ended in most by the time of the Renaissance in the late 16th century. The Imperial House of Romanovs ruled Russia from 1613 to 1917.
At the beginning of 1917, the first revolt focused in and around the then-capital Petrograd. Further, after significant losses in the military during the war, the Russian Army ad reverted to mutiny. In response to this. Members of Russia’s parliament assumed power to control the country and went on to form the Russian Provisional Government.
What is Russian Revolution
Russian Revolution had two revolutions. The first Revolution in February bring down the imperial government. Further, the second Revolution in October placed the Bolsheviks in power. Besides, the Industrial Revolution came to Russian after a long time compared to the rest of Europe. Due to the Industrial Revolution in Russia population in urban areas doubled in the regions like St Petersburg and Moscow.
Further, due to a rise in the number of people, there was no food supply to sustain for the long run. Besides decades of economic mismanagement and costly wars, there was also a shortage in the country. In response to this present condition, the Russian people consisted mainly of workers who marched to the winter palace of Tsar Nicholas second on Jan 22, 1905.
Now we will know the Russian Revolution timeline briefly.
First World War
Further, in 1914, the war broke into two European alliances.
- Germany, Austria and Turkey
- France, Britain and Russia
The first world war became very popular, and it continued. Further, Tsar refused to consult the main parties in the Duma. Then, between 1914 and 1916 Russian army lost in Germany and Austria. Later, the Russian Army destroyed crops and buildings to protect the enemy from living off the land.
The February Revolution
This particular Revolution started on March 8, 1917. It was because Russia used the Julian Calendar when it was known as the February Revolution. Then, the city Petergrad is divided among its people. Further, on the right bank of the river, Neva workers’ quarters and factories were located. Then, on the left bank, fashionable areas like Winter Palace and official buildings were located. Due to food shortage, many workers were affected, and the right bank factory shut down on February 22. Besides, Women also led the way to strikes, and it is called International Women’s Day.
Later, a curfew was declared as the fashionable quarters, and workers covered official buildings. People across streets thronged with slogans for bread, wages, better hours. This made government call out the cavalry. However, they refused to fire on fire on the demonstrators. Instead, a ‘soviet’ or ‘council’ formed by gathering of soldiers and striking workers.
After February Revolution, limitations on public meetings and associations were removed. Then, factory committees formed, and trade unions increased.
The October Revolution
Further, this Revolution happened on November 6 and 7, 1917. Besides, the new government under Lenin was composed of a council of soldiers, peasants, and workers. Then, this conflict happened between the Provisional Government, and the Bolsheviks grew. Further, to organize seizures, a Military Revolutionary Committee was appointed by the Soviets under Leon Trotskii. In addition to this, the committee ordered its supporters to seize government offices and arrest ministers.
After October Revolution, industry and banks were nationalized in November 1917. Then, the land was declared as social property, and peasants were allowed to seize the land of the nobility. Later, Russia became a one-party state, and the city also led to activities in arts and architecture.
You can click here to know more about the event. Read More.
The Civil War
The Russian army broke up during the Civil War, and all leaders moved to southern Russia. Further, in 1918 and 1919, the Russian Empire was controlled by the ‘greens’ and ‘whites.’ Then, most non-Russian nationalities were given political autonomy in the Soviet Union.
Social Changes due to Russian Revolution
Industrial changes led to changes in social and economic life. Further, men, women, and children came to factories for work purposes. However, due to long working hours and fewer wages, there was unemployment during the high demand for goods. According to Liberals and radicals, society can be developed, and the freedom of individuals is secured.
Outcomes of the Revolution
Lastly, the below points were the outcomes of the Revolution.
- In the first place, end of the Russian monarchy
- Further, it resulted in failure of the short-lived Russian Republic & Russian State
- Establishment of Bolshevist Soviet republics in Russia proper and Formation of the Soviet Union
- Independence of Poland, Finland and the Baltics
- Lastly, end of Russia’s participation in World War I
Now you have understood about the Russian Revolution. We will look into the IAS exam details. The purpose of the article is to cover one of the concepts of the exam syllabus. As we all know, it is one of the famous exams present in India, and we see many students applying for the exam. Then, many leave their jobs to prepare for the exam. In the IAS exam, you will find three rounds, and one must clear all rounds to get the best results in the exam. Then, to prepare for the exam, you can either study independently or take coaching. But, this exam needs hard work and effort. It is not like any other exam, and one must invest a good amount of time for preparations and the exam. Then, click here to know all the details of the exam. Read More.
Conclusion – Russian Revolution
The above article gives you complete information about the Russian Revolution timeline in 1917 and other details. Further, you will go through more details like background details, the first world war, and social changes. Besides, as a part of the IAS exam study material, it is also one of the essential topics. If not everything, one must at least know about the various concepts related to Indian history, different acts, other policies, and other details. One can click here to learn about the different concepts to help you with exam preparations. Read More.
If you want to know about questions pattern in the exam, you can refer to the previous year’s papers. So, one must solve as many papers as possible to know the feel of the paper. Later, there are various platforms that offer you test series, mock tests, and other details that will help you with the IAS exam preparations.
FAQs – Russian Revolution Timeline
It was mainly due to Economically, widespread inflation, and food shortages in Russia.
Yes, it was successful, and in the above article, we have listed the outcomes of the Revolution.
Yes, one needs to know essential highlights of the Revolution as they might be asked in the exam.
Editor’s Note | Russian Revolution
From reading the above article, you will find information on the Russian Revolution Timeline. Further, you will understand background details and first world war details. Besides, as a part of the IAS exam, it is one of the important concepts. So, try to understand all important points that will help you with the exam preparations. If not everything, at least one must know essential points that is important to know exam point of view. The Russian Revolution witnessed many changes with respect to economic and social changes.
One can refer to the previous year’s question papers for more understanding of the paper pattern and the exam syllabus. Along with that one can solve mock tests it will also help you to know your skills and how you can improve them. This article is enough for you to prepare for the exam. Then, can refer to the links that will help you with the exam. Good Luck.