Do you know anything about hydrogen and its uses of hydrogen gas? There are many things to know about this gas. In this article, we will understand the concept of the National Hydrogen Energy Mission as a part of the UPSC exam study materials. You will get complete details of the Hydrogen fuel in India and Hydrogen as an energy source. Understand all the essential points on the mission, and it will help you with the exam preparations as well. Let’s Begin and complete information on Hydrogen fuel in India.
To begin with, India recently announced the launch of the National Hydrogen Mission (NHM), and it aims to reduce carbon emissions and increase the use of renewable sources of energy. Further, the mission’s main aim is to scale up Green Hydrogen production and utilization. Later, the Finance Minister said in the Union Budget 2021 that it would be launched in 2021-22.
As we have mentioned already, it is essential for the IAS exams and the other competitive exams. It is not compulsory to know everything, but one must know all the basic and crucial points concerning the exam. You may get multiple choice type questions in the exam. There are three rounds in the IAS exam, the preliminary exam, the main exam, and the interview round. You can click here to get all information on the IAS exam. We have covered all information to help you with the exam. If you want more details on the IAS one can go through their site.
The National Hydrogen Energy Mission focuses on hydrogen generation from green power resources. Further, the goal of 175 GW by 2022 got an impetus in the 2021-22 budget. Additionally, which allocated Rs. 1500 crore for renewable energy development and NHM.
What is National Hydrogen Mission?
Hydrogen is the most available element on earth, and this mission will invest in this.
- Along with the launch of the NHEM, this mission also emphasise hydrogen from clean sources.
- India’s aim for 2022 for renewable enegry generation is 175 GW and this mission is to supported by
- In the first place, the renewable energy target for 2030 is 450 GW and decarbonise by 2050.
- One of the added advanatge of the mission is apart from transportation, it can be a “decarbonizing agent” for industries like chemicals, iron, steel, and transport, heat and power.
- Besides, there are various programs that help to blend hydrogen with compressed natural gas for use as a transportation fuel
- Further, India has been working on a pilot project on Blue Hydrogen, Hydrogen CNG (H-CNG), and Green Hydrogen.
National Hydrogen Energy Mission
The mission’s main aim is to generate Hydrogen from green power resources. Further, the motto of 175 GW by 2022 got an impetus in the 2021-22 budget. Additionally, which issued Rs. 1500 crore for renewable energy development and NHM.
Let us look into some details of Hydrogen. It is the lightest and the first element on the periodic table. Further, the weight of the Hydrogen is more minor than air, and it rises in the atmosphere. Hydrogen fuel is a zero-emission fuel burned with oxygen. Additionally, it can be used in fuel cells and internal combustion engines. Further, it made use as a fuel for spacecraft propulsion.
Hydrogen as an energy source
Hydrogen on earth is bonded to oxygen in the water and carbon in live or dead and fossilized biomass. Further, it can be created by splitting water into Hydrogen and oxygen. Besides, Hydrogen is non-toxic, tasteless, and colorless with the standard pressure and temperature.
Hydrogen as Fuel
Hydrogen is the most abundant element present in the universe, as the fuel of stars and packs good energy. However, it is found in molecules such as water or hydrocarbons on earth. Further, it is not an energy source like fossil fuels or renewable energy like sunlight and air. However, whenever you burn Hydrogen, the by-product is water.
There are various ways to produce Hydrogen. Once the Hydrogen is created and it is classified into ‘grey,’ ‘blue,’ or ‘green’ Hydrogen. Further, we have explained all types of Hydrogen.
Types of Hydrogen
Now know about the National Hydrogen Mission. Check out various types of Hydrogen.
- Grey Hydrogen – It is from the hydrocarbons that is grey hydrogen. Then, it is the most common method of production. Then, the by product is CO2
- Black/Brown Hydrogen – It is the oldest method of producing hydrogen and it involves transforming coal into gas. Hydrogen produced produced called as the Black/Brown Hydrogen. Further, the process is a highly polluting as both carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide are released into the atmosphere which cannot be reused.
- Blue Hydrogen – Further, the name given to the hydrogen that is produced by the hydrocarbons.
- Sourced from fossil fuels.
- By product – CO, CO2
- Green Hydrogen – The hydrogen is genereated from renewable sources of energy like solar and wind.
- Generated from renewable energy (like Solar, Wind).
- Electricity splits water into hydrogen and oxygen.
- By Products : Water, Water Vapor
Uses of Hydrogen Gas
Let us look into how hydrogen gas uses below.
- In the first place, rocket fuel is a major source of hydrogen for energy. The NASA began using liquid hydrogen in the 1950s as a rocket fuel.
- Then, hydrogen fuel produce electricity by mixing hydrogen and oxygen atoms.
- It is used in the creating of many organic compounds like methanol and Hydrogen is used in the synthesis of ammonia.
- Later, for the production of the hydrogen-fueled vehicles.
There can be many other uses of hydrogen gas in various ways to produce something, or it can be in the form of fuel.
Hydrogen Energy in India
Many R&D projects are under process with the support of Government and non-Government related to hydrogen production, storage, utilization, power generation, and transport applications. Further, by 2015 India India intends to produce three-fourths of its Hydrogen from renewable resources. All projects in India are aimed to improve the efficiency of water-splitting reactions and find newer materials, catalysts, and electrodes.
It is one of the common questions that come to every person’s mind who is preparing for the exam. To cover the entire syllabus is a big task. Concepts like National Hydrogen Mission and other concepts need making notes on the important points. For this, you can keep a separate book and study for the exam. Revision is the most important thing for the exam. So, make sure that you revise the old concepts before starting the new one. Besides, one must know which are the best books for the exam as it is essential to get proper knowledge to write the exam. One must refer to the previous year’s papers as these concepts are harsh to understand. If you prefer, you will get an idea of how you can prepare for the exam.
Conclusion – National Hydrogen Mission
In summary, you will learn about the National Hydrogen Mission and hydrogen fuel in India from the above article. Further, understand the uses of hydrogen gas, hydrogen fuel in India, and other vital details of the mission. As a part of the IAS exam studies, one needs to know about the National Hydrogen Mission. Further, it is a good idea to make points while reading the article and you can study the same during the exam. We all know the exam syllabus, and it becomes essential for one to cover everything to get the best rank in the exam. Besides, get all the essential study materials for the UPSC exam here. We have covered all essential facts, concepts, and other information, which will help you with the exam preparations.
We have also given important links in the article that will help you get proper information on the topic. Further, you can go through here for more facts and other related things. Read More.
FAQs -National Hydrogen Mission
This mission aims to reduce petroleum use, greenhouse gas emissions, and air pollution.
Bharat Petroleum Corporation is the company the makes green Hydrogen.
Plug Power Inc is the biggest company that produces liquid Hydrogen.
It can be any exam, know the syllabus, and one must refer to the previous year’s question papers for more details.
Editor’s Note | National Hydrogen Mission
In the above article, know about the National Hydrogen Mission, hydrogen fuel in India, and uses of hydrogen gas. We have covered all details that will help you with the exam preparations. Further, we suggest you to make a note of all the necessary points while reading the article. To know about questions in the exam, one can refer to the previous year’s question paper.
It will help you. It is important for one to go through the question paper to know about the topics, marks, and other details. When we talk about the IAS exam, first thing which comes to our mind is the toughest exams present in India. It is because of the longest syllabus, and one must cover all topics to get the best results in the exam. As we always say one can clear the exam with theright plan and hard work. But, make sure that you have covered all the concepts to get the best results in the exam. All the best.