UPSC does ask a few questions about National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, and Tiger Reserves that have been in the news in the last year or more, either directly or indirectly. The Aravalli Hills in Rajasthan is home to the Sariska Tiger Reserve. Therefore, In this post, we will discuss Sariska National Park, which is a Tiger Reserve and Wildlife Sanctuary (abhyaran) Also, List of Important National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, or Tiger Reserves in Alwar, Rajasthan, India. In addition This is a vital topic for the UPSC Preliminary and Main Exams. UPSC candidates should read the entire article carefully. So lets begin!
- Sarika National Park Tiger Reserve: About
- Why is the Sariska Tiger Reserve making headlines?
- Project Tiger reserve
- Flora and Fauna: Sarika Tiger Reserve & Wildlife Sanctuary (Abhyaran)
- Future Tiger Reserves in India
- List of Tiger Reserve and Wild Life Sanctuary (Abhyaran) in India
- Conclusions- Sariska National Park
- FAQ- Sariska National Park
- Editor's Note | Sariska National Park
Sarika National Park Tiger Reserve: About
- Sariska Tiger Reserve is a tiger reserve abhyaran in Rajasthan’s Alwar district.
- Also, It is made up of scrub-thorn desert woods, dry deciduous forests, meadows, and rocky hills. It covers an area of 881 km2.
- It was categorized as a tiger reserve in 1978 as part of India’s Project Tiger.
- The animal sanctuary covers an area of approximately 273.8 km2. It was established as a national park in 1982. (105.7 square miles).
- It is the world’s first tiger reserve where tigers have been successfully relocated.
- It is home to an extensive range of wild creatures, including nilgai, tigers, leopards, hyenas, rhesus macaques, caracals, jungle cats, ratel, sambar deer, spotted deer, langur, four-horned antelope, wild pig, Indian civet, Rufous-tailed hare, common mongoose, ruddy mongoose, porcupine, pangolin, etc.
- Among the bird species found in reserve are migrants. Such as peafowl, grey francolin, white-rumped vulture, painted spurfowl, Aravalli red spurfowl, and great horned owl. Also, common sand grouse, golden-backed woodpeckers, Indian cuckoo, Indian pitta, crested serpent eagles, harbor quail, and others.
- It has scrub-thorn dry forests, grasslands, rocky terrain, mountainous cliffs, and semi-deciduous woodland. Tendu, Dhok, and Khair trees can also be found in its woodlands.
- Also, Siliserh Lake, is home to a large number of crocodiles. The ruins of Ajabgarh Bhangarh Fort, Kankwari Fort, Nilkanth Temple, Bharthari Temple. Other tourist attractions are located within the Sariska National Park (wildlife sanctuary)
Why is the Sariska Tiger Reserve making headlines?
- A large fire broke out in the Sariska Tiger Reserve national park near Alwar, Rajasthan, in March 2002. The Indian Air Force despatched helicopters to put out the fires in the affected districts. Dry leaves, grass, and plants sparked the fire.
- As a result, Several forest fires erupted in March. A number of locations, including the Similipal Wildlife Sanctuary in Odisha’s Mayurbhanj district on March 29, 2022. The Perimalmalai Peak near the Kodaikanal highlands in Tamil Nadu’s Dindigul district on March 11, 2022.
- According to the Forest Survey of India, 381 forest fires were reported in India between March 30, 2022, and March 30, 2023. With 133 forest fires, Madhya Pradesh is the state with the most. On February 17, 2022, the United Nations Environment Program UNEP released its annual Frontiers Report, warning that “wildfires, a natural occurrence, have become more destructive and increasingly damage larger areas.”
- In the case of tigers, one advantage is that in tropical dry forest fires, larger animals can flee and escape the flames, whereas smaller animals, such as reptiles, are the principal casualties.
- Furthermore, because there are no villages in the area, the human loss is small.
The causes of the fire in Sariska
While the source of the fire in Sariska National Park is unknown. The northern portions of the country have been experiencing a severe heatwave in recent days.
Environment Protection Act and Law in India is another key topic for UPSC preparation. To discover more, follow the link. Also, We’ll also discuss Sariska National Park (Alwar), the List of India’s Tiger Reserves and Wildlife Sanctuary (Abhyaran), and other details.
Project Tiger reserve
- In 1900, there were 40000 tigers, but just 1800 remained in 1972.
- Project Tiger was established in 1973 with the goal of saving our national animal, the tiger. Currently, Project Tiger’s coverage has grown to 53, spanning throughout 18 tiger area states.
- The tiger reserves are organized according to a core/buffer model. The core parts are legally designated as national parks or a sanctuary. At the same time, the buffer or surrounding areas are a combination of forest and non-forest land managed as a multi-use area.
- The tiger reserves are organized according to a core/buffer model. The core parts are legally designated as national parks or a sanctuary. At the same time, the buffer or surrounding areas are a mix of forest, and non-forest land maintained as a multiple-use area.
- The National Tiger Conservation Association (NTCA) found in 2005 in response to the Tiger Task Force’s recommendations. It is a formal Ministry body with an overarching supervisory/coordination role. Responsible for carrying out the functions stipulated in the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972.
Flora and Fauna: Sarika Tiger Reserve & Wildlife Sanctuary (Abhyaran)
The Sariska National Park Reserve is home to a diverse range of flora and Fauna and the Royal Bengal Tiger.
Also, Dhok, Khair, Salar, and Khirni trees and some Mango and Ber trees make up the flora.
Birds and animals such as the leopard, sambhar, wild boar, chinkara, sloth bear, Indian wolf, hyena, jackal, fox, deer, and crocodile make up the Fauna.
Future Tiger Reserves in India
The National Tiger Conservation Authority has given in-principle clearance for the formation of four new tiger reserves. Including Ratapani Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh and Sunabeda Tiger Reserve in Odisha, and existing reserves. In addition, The designation of Kudremukh National Park as a tiger reserve has received final clearance.
Also, The state governments asked to submit plans for tiger reserves in the following areas: Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary, Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary, and Varushanadu Valley in Tamil Nadu, Suhelva Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh, Mhadei Sanctuary in Goa, Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary, Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary, and Varushanadu Valley in Tamil Nadu, Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh, and Cauvery-MM Hills in Karnataka.
List of Tiger Reserve and Wild Life Sanctuary (Abhyaran) in India
The list of the tiger reserve and wildlife sanctuary in India are as follows:
- Andhra Pradesh: Nagarjunsagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve
- Arunachal Pradesh: Pakke Tiger Reserve, Kamlang Tiger Reserve, Namdapha National Park.
- Bihar: Valmiki National Park
- Chattisgarh: Indravati Tiger Reserve, Udanti-Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary, Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary, Guru Ghasidas National Park, and Tamor Pingla Wildlife sanctuary.
- Assam: Kaziranga National Park, Orang Tiger Reserve, Nameri National Park, Manas Tiger Reserve.
- Jharkhand: Palamau Tiger Reserve
- Karnataka: Biligiri Ranganatha Temple Tiger reserve, Nagarahole National Park, Dandeli-Anshi Tiger Reserve, Bandipur Tiger Reserve, Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary.
- Kerala: Periyar Tiger Reserve, Parambikulam Tiger Reserve.
- Madhya Pradesh: Sanjay Dubri Tiger Reserve, Satpura Tiger Reserve, Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve, Kanha, Panna Tiger Reserve.
- Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra: Pench Tiger Reserve.
- Maharashtra: Bor Tiger Reserve, Sahyadri Tiger reserve, Nagzira tiger reserve, Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve, Melghat Tiger Reserve.
- Mizoram: Dampa Tiger Reserve.
- Odisha: Satkosia Tiger Reserve, Similipal Tiger Reserve.
- Rajasthan: Ranthambore Tiger Reserve, Mukundara Hills Tiger Reserve, Sariska Tiger Reserve (Abhyaran), Wildlife sanctuary (Alwar), Ramgarh Vishdhari Tiger Reserve.
- Tamil Naidu: Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Anamalai Tiger Reserve (Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park), Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve, Srivilliputhur Megamalai Tiger Reserve
- Telangana: Kawal Tiger Reserve, Amrabad Tiger Reserve.
- Uttar Pradesh: Dudhwa Tiger Reserve, Pilibhit Tiger Reserve, Amangarh Tiger Reserve,
- Uttarakhand: Rajaji Tiger Reserve and Corbett National Park.
- West Bengal: Buxa tiger reserve and Sundarbans Park.
Conclusions- Sariska National Park
In summary, we focused on Sariska National Park (Wildlife Sanctuary Abhyaran) in Alwar in this post. Why is the Sariska Tiger Reserve making headlines? This article contains other details such as Project Tiger Reserve, Important Tiger Reserves List, and Wild Life Sanctuary. Also, study this article since it will assist you in your exam preparation. In addition, Visit the official website here for updates and notifications on the UPSC examination and other competitive examinations.
FAQ- Sariska National Park
Sariska National Park is a national park and wildlife sanctuary in Abhyaran in Alwar, Rajasthan, India’s easternmost state. It is 190 square miles in size (492 square km). Also, It began as a wildlife sanctuary in Sariska Forest in 1955 and became a national park in 1979.
Because the tigers in this area are inbred, generation each generation, inbreeding causes the tigers’ health to deteriorate. Therefore the tigers are also suffering as a result of the purging. Among the inbred population, harmful genes are circulating. As a result, their physical fitness diminishes. As a result, the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve’s forest cover has decreased, according to the Forest Survey of India. The entire extent of the tiger reserve falls by 44.57 square kilometers. Also, To make a place for farming, the trees were cleared.
National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries are government-designated protected places with the primary goal of preserving wildlife, preserving flora and animals, and restoring natural ecological equilibrium. Therefore In India, there are 544 Wildlife Sanctuaries and 103 National Parks.
Orang National Park is an Indian national park. Location: Assam’s Darrang and Sonitpur districts on the northern bank of the Brahmaputra River. It has a total size of 79.28 km2 (30.61 sq mi). In 1985, it was designated as a sanctuary, and on April 13, 1999, Also, it was designated as a national park.
Editor’s Note | Sariska National Park
In this post, we’ve covered the Sariska National Park Tiger Reserve Abhyaran & Wildlife Sanctuary in Alwar, as well as other related information that will aid you in passing your IAS test. To learn more about the IAS exam, one could visit the official website. You’ll find information about the IAS exam dates and other facts here. You can pass the IAS exam if you plan ahead and go in the proper manner. So, educate yourself on the exam material and prepare for the IAS exam. Finally, best wishes