In Punjab, India’s Army undertook Operation Blue Star in 1984. It was a divisive operation with far-reaching consequences for many people. You may learn everything you need to know about Operation Blue Star, which took place from June 1 to June 6, 1984, as well as why Indira Gandhi was assassinated, books about the Operation, and images of the Golden Temple attack. In addition, the UPSC syllabus includes information about post-independence India. So go through the whole thing. Let us now begin.
- What was Operation Blue Star?
- Operation Blue Star: Background
- Who Was Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale?
- Operation Blue Star: Why Indian Army was Called?
- Indira Gandhi’s Assassination
- These five books reveal the truth behind Operation Blue star
- Images of the Golden Temple attack in 1984
- Conclusion– Operation Blue Star
- FAQ– Operation Blue Star
- Editor's Note | Operation Blue Star
What was Operation Blue Star?
- The Indian Army conducted Operation Blue Star from June 1 to 10, 1984, in order to apprehend Sikh leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his supporters at the Harmandir Sahib Temple Complex (Known as the Golden Temple) in Amritsar, Punjab. It was a code name given to an Indian military operation on June 5, 1984, to remove separatists hidden inside the Golden Temple in Amritsar.
- Prime Minister Indira Gandhi ordered the operation with the primary purpose of recovering control of the Harmandir Sahib Complex in Amritsar (popularly known as the Golden Temple).
- Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, a Sikh hardline religious leader, and his armed followers were driven out of the temple by the Indian military.
- Blue Star operation was divided into 2 parts: Operation Metal, which involved an invasion of the temple complex, & Operation Shop, which was limited to the state’s countryside.
- This Operation contributed to the defeat of Khalistani terrorism.
Operation Blue Star
- Rail, road, & air services in Punjab were disrupted from June 1-3, 1984. The Golden Temple’s water and electrical supplies were also cut off. Amritsar was placed under a complete curfew, with the CRPF patrolling the streets. Also, The Golden Temple’s entrance and exit points have also been entirely blocked.
- The first phase of the operation began on June 5, 1984. The buildings within the Golden Temple complex were attacked from the front. The well-trained fighters stood firm against the Indian Army. The soldiers were unable to proceed near the Sanctum Sanctorum, where Bhindranwale was purportedly held. The Army has started a similar operation in other parts of Punjab to round up perpetrators from localities and Gurudwaras.
- Tanks rolled down the stairs on June 6, 1984, all the way to the parikrama, which surrounds the lake on which the sanctum sanctorum is situated. The exterior of Akal Takht was bombed by tanks, yet the structure remained intact despite the damage. Bhindranwale’s and their commanders’ bodies were discovered.
- The facility was taken over by the Indian Army on June 7.
- The Army has confirmed the deaths of 554 Sikh terrorists and civilians, as well as 83 military officials and soldiers.
- The Operation was completed on June 10th.
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Operation Blue Star: Background
- Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale urged the Indian government to pass the Anandpur Resolution, allowing Sikhs to establish their state of Khalistan.
- Since 1982, this extreme Sikhism leader has amassed enough support for his cause to establish a base inside the Golden Temple complex, complete with ammunition and followers.
- As a result, between June 1 and June 6, 1984, Operation Blue Star was initiated with the goal of removing Bhindranwale and his demands.
- Bhindranwale died as a result of the Operation.
Who Was Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale?
- Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale – a religious teacher who has been preaching a return to the Khalsa or a more orthodox form of Sikhism across Punjab.
- He went after Hindus and so-called “modernized” Sikhs who broke their traditions and practices, such as cutting their hair and drinking alcohol.
- His message was directed at the Jat farmers, who had lost out on the Green Revolution’s benefits to the wealthy landowners.
- He also discovered buyers among artisans and lower-caste laborers looking to improve their social and economic status.
- Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale was a Sikh fundamentalist and supporter of the Anandpur Sahib Resolutions who gained power following his role in the 1978 Sikh-Nirankari conflict.
- Bhindranwale preached against the Nirankaris in 1978, resulting in a fight between Sikhs and Nirankaris. There were around 15 Nirankaris slain.
- Nirankari leader Baba Gurcharan Singh was assassinated by the Khalistanis in 1980. Lala Jagat Narain, the editor of Punjab Kesari, was murdered the next year. He was writing in opposition to the Khalistani cause. Bhindranwale was the main suspect in each of these incidents. He was detained, but owing to a lack of evidence, he was free.
Operation Blue Star: Why Indian Army was Called?
- Other solutions were first proposed. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was on the verge of authorizing an undercover kidnapping operation for Bhindranwale.
- Almost 200 commandos were prepared for this mission, but she received no response when she inquired how many civilians would be killed.
- As a result, Operation Sundown was dismissed.
- According to Amarjit Kaur in ‘The Punjab Story,’ the threat to kill all Congress (I) MPs and MLAs on 5 June, as well as the plot to launch mass executions of Hindus in villages, may have prompted the Army’s intervention.
Indira Gandhi’s Assassination
- Indira Gandhi ordered Operation Bluestar, a military operation in India. Between 1 and 8 June 1984 to evict leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his armed followers from the Amritsar Harmandir Sahib Complex buildings.
- She was hated among Sikhs because of her role in the Operation that damaged portions of the Akal Takht and resulted in casualties.
- Sikh scriptures and manuscripts were allegedly destroyed when the temple’s library caught fire.
- As a result of the threat of assassination, the Intelligence Bureau removed Sikhs from her private protection.
- She also instructed the Special Protection Group to reinstall her Sikh bodyguards, including Beant Singh. Her personal favorite was him.
- The most famous event associated with Operation Blue Star was the assassination of Indira Gandhi. Indira Gandhi was killed four months after Operation Blue Star on October 31, 1984.
- Satwant Singh and Beant Singh, two of her Sikh bodyguards, murdered her. Indira Gandhi was shot with 33 rounds of gunfire. Operation Blue Star, which she directed, is the primary reason for the assassination.
These five books reveal the truth behind Operation Blue star
Golden Temple has converted into an arsenal 36 years ago. The top five books about Operation Blue Star are listed below.
- LT.General Kuldip Singh Brar’s true story, Operation Blue Star
- Mark Tully and Satish Jacob’s Amritsar: Mrs. Gandhi’s Last Battle
- Manoj Mitta and H.S. Phoolka: when a tree shook Delhi.
- Jarnail Singh’s I Accuse: The Anti-Sikh Violence of 1984
- 1984 Sanjay Suri’s Anti-Sikh Violence and Its Aftermath
Images of the Golden Temple attack in 1984
Images from the 1984 attack on the Golden Temple
Conclusion– Operation Blue Star
In this post, we reviewed Operation Blue Star, which took place in June 1984. We’ve talked about Operation Blue Star, the background, and who Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale was. Why was the Indian Army called? Book and images from the Golden Temple attack of 1984, as well as the events of June 6, 1984. Further, We hope you have obtained all relevant information about this Operation. This is crucial if you are preparing for the UPSC. As a result, be aware of the Operation’s objectives as well as the conflict’s cause. On the UPSC official website, you may learn more about the UPSC exam and other important updates.
FAQ– Operation Blue Star
The Shiromani Akali Dal’s working committee constituted a 12-member sub-committee on December 11, 1972, to develop comprehensive policies and programs. As a result, The Akali Dal adopted a resolution in 1973 in Anandpur Sahib, Punjab, that included both political and religious demands. The Anandpur Sahib Resolution is the name given to the resolution.
The Khalistan movement is a separatist Sikh movement that aims to create a separate Sikh nation within the Punjab region. The proposed state would include the area that is currently part of India’s Punjab and the Punjab region that is currently part of Pakistan.
The goal of Operation Bluestar was to eliminate militant Sikh preacher Jarnail Singh Bhindrawale and his armed followers from the Golden Temple complex in Amritsar. In June of 1984, the Indian Army started an operation to clear militants from the Golden Temple in Amritsar, which lasted 37 years. Jarnail Singh Bhindrawale died on 6 June 1984.
Despite the fact that the sanctity of the Golden Temple was restored and militants and weaponry were removed from the sanctuary, many Sikhs were critical of the operation. PM Gandhi was killed by two of her Sikh bodyguards months later for allowing the operation to take place.
Editor’s Note | Operation Blue Star
In conclusion, the following article will give you all the necessary details regarding Operation Blue Star. In June 1984, Operation Blue Star took place. We’ve discussed Operation Blue Star, its history, and Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale. Why was the Indian Army Called? Book on blue star operation Also, images related to the 1984 Golden Temple attack and the events of June 6, 1984. This is a subject that will be addressed in the UPSC examination. As a result, we suggest that you develop a list of all the key things you can go over throughout the exam. You could also read over previous year’s papers to acquire a feel for the paper pattern and question kinds. Also, a successful person is one who has encountered and overcome problems rather than one who has not. Finally, Best Wishes!